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Dubai RDC Upholds Landlord Right, Evicting Tenant Who Refused to Vacate

NYK Law Firm's legal expertise played key role in the pivotal verdict upholding property rights

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Staff Writer, TLR

Published on May 3, 2024, 11:53:52

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property rights in uae, landlord's rights, tenants in uae, rental dispute center

In a noteworthy development within the realm of landlords' property rights, the Dubai Rental Dispute Settlement Centre (RDC) has issued a significant judgment. The ruling establishes a pivotal precedent intended to incentivise landlords, particularly investors in real estate in the country, to play a more active role in their investments.

The case revolved around a rental dispute between a landlord and a tenant, wherein the landlord sought to regain possession of his property successfully.

Background

The landlord leased the property to the tenant on a yearly basis. In compliance with Law No. 26 of 2007 and its amended Law No. 33 of 2008, which regulate the relationship between landlords and tenants in the Emirateof Dubai, the landlord served the tenant with a 12-month legal notice to vacate the apartment, expressing the intention to reclaim it for personal use.

However, upon the expiration of the notice period, the tenant refused to vacate the premises, leading to a dispute. Subsequently, the landlord initiated eviction proceedings against the tenant in the Rental Dispute Settlement Centre (RDC). In the initial court hearing, the judgment was erroneously pronounced in favour of the tenant.

Legal Proceedings

NYK Law Firm contested for the landlord's right to regain possession of his property and pursued an appeal in the Appeal Court (RDC). The landlord's action was in accordance with Article 25(2)(d) of Law No. 33 of 2008, which stipulates that upon the expiration of the lease contract, the landlord may seek eviction of the tenant if the intention is to sell the property.

This provision mandates that the landlord must notify the tenant of the eviction reasons at least 12 months prior to the eviction date, and the notice must be served through a Notary Public or by registered mail. It's worth noting that the landlord fulfilled these conditions.

Ruling

In the appellate ruling, the Honourable Court delivered a judgment favouring the landlord, thereby instructing the tenant to vacate the property. Additionally, the court directed the tenant to settle all outstanding rental dues up to the date of eviction and to obtain all necessary clearances from authorities such as DEWA and other relevant entities.

The ruling serves to underscore the legal obligation of tenants to fulfill their commitments to landlords in accordance with the terms of the lease agreement and applicable laws. Furthermore, it reaffirms the principle that tenants are responsible for adhering to the terms of their tenancy contracts and for maintaining compliance with regulatory requirements governing the rental of properties.

Through such decisions, the legal system reinforces the importance of upholding contractual obligations and ensuring equitable relationships between landlords and tenants within the framework of the law.

Conclusion

This ruling stands as a significant motivator for landlords to diligently adhere to the laws governing tenancy agreements. By observing legal protocols and fulfilling their obligations, landlords can defend their position should they encounter disputes requiring legal intervention.

Courts are inclined to favour landlords who adhere to such legal requirements, as evidenced by the favourable judgment in this case. Moreover, the ruling sends a clear message to tenants regarding the importance of respecting the rights and responsibilities outlined in their lease agreements.

It serves as a deterrent against the misuse of legal protections afforded to tenants, emphasising the need for tenants to uphold their end of the contractual commitment. By fulfilling their obligations, tenants contribute to fostering a harmonious and equitable rental environment where both parties can confidently rely on the terms of their agreements.

In essence, this ruling not only reinforces the legal framework governing landlord-tenant relationships but also promotes a culture of compliance and mutual respect between both parties. It underscores the vital role of the legal system in safeguarding the rights and interests of landlords and tenants alike, ultimately contributing to the stability and fairness of the rental market.

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